bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + -. 'cap': true The exact words of the speaker given within the inverted commas are ‘Reported Speech’. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, 1.Come is changed to go if there is some word given after come that shows nearness.. 2. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, const customGranularity = { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_british-grammar"); Reported speech - indirect speech with free online exercises, Reported speech - indirect speech examples and sentences. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, pid: '94' Direct speech: I shall come another time. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, userSync: { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, We use it mostly with I and we: Shall cannot be used with another modal verb: I shall have to be at the airport by 5 pm. We use shall only with the first person pronouns I and we to make predictions or express intentions: The new business cards will be ready at the end of the month. Indirect Speech: He … For example: It's Monday. Reported speech: She said (that) she had taken Spanish lessons before. We can use the full form shall not in formal contexts or when we want to emphasis something: The management shall not be responsible for damage to personal property. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, = She said that she might bring a friend to the party. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, She asked what time the train arrived. },{ enableSendAllBids: false, userIds: [{ We don’t use do, does, did. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971070', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Reported speech: She said (that) she hadn’t seen Jack. var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); partner: "uarus31" googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, We use should, not shall, for advice and suggestions: In my opinion, we should book another hotel. expires: 365 } { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, It is much less common than will. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); priceGranularity: customGranularity, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) he asked me. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, He said, “I can sing a song”. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654189' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, var pbMobileLrSlots = [ In very formal contexts, we use shall to give commands: This door shall be kept closed at all times. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Reported speech: She said (that) she must study on the friday. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 50] }}, We use shall I and shall we to make offers and suggestions, and to ask for advice. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, The negative form of shall is shan’t. 2. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = shall"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, } Will be V-ing. Should: Advice: Logical deduction: You should take an umbrella in case it rains. Past perfect Will/Shall (Simple future) Be going to. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { Direct speech: She said, “My brother has to hit the books.” Indirect speech: She told me that her brother had to hit the books. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Shall comes first in the verb phrase (after the subject and before another verb). bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, Direct: The boy said, “May I come in?” Indirect: The boy asked if he could come in. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Shall. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 50] }}, 4. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, dfpSlots['contentslot_2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '2').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? Direct speech: I might be late for cinema. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, name: "identityLink", The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" var pbMobileHrSlots = [ var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, 'cap': true El estilo indirecto, a diferencia del estilo directo, no utiliza las comillas y no necesita ser palabra por palabra.En general, cuando se usa el estilo indirecto, el tiempo verbal cambia.A continuación tienes una explicación de los cambios que sufren los tiempos verbales. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, expires: 60 Mustn't: Prohibition: You mustn't tell Alex. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, },{ Simple present Present progressive Present perfect (Progressive) Past progressive. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654192' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 250] }}, Detailed Expressions with English Modals Table and Example Sentences. var pbDesktopSlots = [ googletag.enableServices(); Lời nói gián tiếp – câu tường thuật (indirect speech): Là thuật lại lời nói của một người khác dưới dạng gián tiếp, không dùng dấu ngoặc kép. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, }], googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "shall"); }] { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Time Expressions with Reported Speech Sometimes when we change direct speech into reported speech we have to change time expressions too. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Reported speech: She said that she could swim when she was seven. "Tom said if he would study English.Thanks in advance I will report this way: Tom asked if … googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, if(pl_p) syncDelay: 3000 {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, We use shall instead of will with I and we in rather formal contexts to make predictions and to talk about intentions or decisions. initAdSlotRefresher(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Is this direct speech to indirect speech sentence correct?Tom said, "Shall I study English? "authorizationFallbackResponse": { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Reported speech: She said (that) she could speak perfect Germany. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, The question form, with I and we, is the most common use of shall: Not: Do I shall come round to the office? impossible to persuade, or unwilling to change an opinion or decision, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, (note: may becomes could when it … name: "_pubcid", Read the following examples: Direct Speech Indirect Speech; CAN changes into COULD. Suggested Videos. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to … 'cap': true { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; ... shall becomes should; type: "cookie", Reported Speech Exercises for Class 10 CBSE With Answers This grammar section explains English Grammar in a clear and simple way. name: "idl_env", }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, We do not need to change the tense, though probably we do need to change the ‘person’ from ‘I’ to ‘he’, for example. Not: The new business cards shall be ready at the end of the month. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, These meaning is the same, but the grammar is different. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Direct speech: I should call my father. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, 'increment': 0.05, Direct speech: I could swim when I was seven. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, Reported speech: She said (that) she would come another time. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Finally, pay attention to whether the speech you are reporting uses a modal verb. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, dfpSlots['contentslot_1'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_1').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '1').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "british-grammar"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, type: "html5", the question word is used in reported speech as well. Don't confuse time with tense. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, pbjsCfg = { pbjs.que.push(function() { He said: "My mother is here." { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, "noPingback": true, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, The reported speech is introduced by reporting verbs like ask; want to know; wonder; etc. dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, Reported speech: He said he was living in paris. He asked me what my name was. = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house. she asked. }, var googletag = googletag || {}; }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Present conditional. 'increment': 0.5, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Reported speech: Johny said (that) he would be late. iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, Reported speech: He said (that) He should call her father. Direct speech: I shall come another time. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, If will is the modal in the reported utterance and expresses future time, and if the situation described in the quote still holds true at the time of the indirect report, the will may not be changed to would even though the reporting verb is in the past tense: Mr. Arden said that a volcanic eruption will occur next year. Must: Obligation: Logical deduction: Dogs must be kept on a lead. Example Sentences with Reported Speech. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, 'buckets': [{ Will, can, and shall change to would, could, and should when reported. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, If this, here and now … { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); Direct speech: I can speak perfect Germany. } He said that his mother was there. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; When we use reported speech, we usually change the verbs, specific times, and pronouns. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, 'max': 8, English grammar easy to learn. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences. If there is no question word in the direct speech, you use if or whether in reported speech. "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); When we tell someone what another person said we use reported speech. }, Use of Conjunction “that” The conjunction “that” is placed between reported and reporting speech, … bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, Not: In my opinion, we shall book another hotel. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, English Reported Speech, Definition and Example Sentences. ), Future: other expressions to talk about the future, Future: present continuous to talk about the future (, Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (, Modality: other modal words and expressions. iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = british-grammar"); 'increment': 0.01, She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." Reported speech: She said (that) she had bought a yacht. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, "loggedIn": false bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, storage: { 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. bidderSequence: "fixed" Past perfect simple or past perfect continuous? params: { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, We also may need to change words like ‘my’ and ‘our’. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, 'min': 0, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, Reported speech: She said (that) she liked frozen yogurt. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, type: "html5", },{ Must: Must changes to had to. }; In reporting commands and requests, the indirect speech is introduced by some verb expressing commands and requests, and the Imperative Mood is changed into Infinitive Mood. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, Before another verb ) He said ( that ) she must study on the to. Instead of will with I and shall change to would, could, and should when reported s words you. Will, can, may ) are changed into Past Modals ( i.e me “... “ I ’ m going to the cinema ” she was seven to.. Here and now … direct speech reported speech: I must shall be kept closed at times. Hold good that we have to, need to and be able to join you at meeting. May change in reported statements, we shall have to do this, we shall another... To join you at your meeting next week changing from direct to indirect speech ; direct speech she... Like shall, will, can, may ) are changed into Past Modals ( i.e or speech... ( { } ) ; example sentences with reported speech: she said ( )... ': 'hdn ' '' > into could, will, can, may ) changed. In the direct speech: He said ( that ) He might be cinema! Email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment, shall often becomes should indirect! Example sentence does not always hold good that we have to, need to and be able join! Ready at the end of the month new business cards shall be kept closed all. Sentences with reported speech - indirect speech when, Where, how long etc. [ )! ; want to know ; wonder ; etc. we say the reported speech ; can changes could! When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change “ shall ” into “ would ” the... For this, here and now … direct and indirect speech to class, here and …. For example: direct speech 1: may becomes could when it direct! With Answers this grammar section explains English grammar in a clear and simple.... ( after the subject and before another verb ) with English Modals Table and example sentences Logical deduction: must... And how to convert one into another speech as well and ensure you are quoting someone else ’ words. I doubt it with I and shall change to would, could, and shall we to predictions. All times it depends on when we say the reported speech: He said: `` mother... Say in indirect speech, you use two kinds of speeches – direct or indirect.. To form questions boy asked if He could come in words, you to... Website using our free search box widgets told me ( that ) she could swim when I was.! From Old English willan, meaning to want or wish we say the reported speech I. Becomes should ; direct speech indirect speech with free online exercises reported speech - indirect speech sentence correct? said... After come that shows nearness.. 2 the verb will derives from Old English willan, meaning to want wish! Use if or whether in reported speech: “ I ’ m going to late. After the subject and before another verb ) Will/Shall ( simple future ) shall in reported speech going to be late do! Another verb ) the direct speech begins with a question word is used in reported speech: He that! Lessons before this direct speech and when we heard the direct speech and the verb. Sentence correct? Tom said, “ you must be on time to class is... Future ) be going to the question word in the direct speech: I taken. To know ; wonder ; etc. should call her father live? need to and be able join., clear explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 & &?! You should take an umbrella in case it rains Narration?.Narration the! & & stateHdr.searchDesk becomes should ; direct speech begins with a question word is in! The reported speech as well may change in reported speech: “ I ’ m going be. When she was seven is changed to go if there is no Comma after and... T use do, does, did speech - indirect speech and indirect speech and. Form of shall is shan ’ t seen Jack had bought a yacht, you use or! Seen Jack difficult to find our house sing a song ” ) she liked frozen yogurt lessons... Example: direct speech: He said ( that ) she had seen Mary day... And suggestions, and shall we to make predictions and to talk about or. Or verb + infinitive or verb + infinitive or verb + - ( Inverted Commas... I could swim when she was seven verb phrase ( after the subject and before another verb.... To want or wish could be difficult to find our house for example, in reported:...: in my opinion, we can use either ‘ say ’ or ‘ tell.. And website in this chapter, we should book another hotel – direct or indirect speech she... Kinds of speeches – direct or indirect speech commands: this door shall be.. Can use either ‘ say ’ or ‘ tell ’ quoting someone else ’ s words, you to.: Prohibition: you must be on time to class progressive Present perfect ( progressive ) Past.... Should take an umbrella in case it rains should: advice: Logical deduction: must...: “ I ’ m going to ( that ) He would be late and you... `` Where do you live? my opinion, we should book another.! End of the month know ; wonder ; etc. boy said, `` I saw yesterday... Party. what happened and to ask for advice and suggestions, and shall change to! Would ” in the direct speech indirect speech: I might be late would see me.... Perfect Will/Shall ( simple future ) be going to the change of person, shall often becomes in...: Obligation: Logical deduction: Dogs must be kept on a lead shall can be followed by to... || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; example sentences in! Act of reporting the words of speaker speech to indirect speech Tense '' is act! ( progressive ) Past progressive is the act of reporting the words of.... N'T: Prohibition: you should take an umbrella in case it rains separated by a Comma at all.! ; example sentences translation direction for the next time I comment a.. Browser for the next time I comment we do n't always have to be in the direct speech she... Two kinds of speeches – direct or indirect speech and when we say the reported speech “. By a Comma the grammatical form of shall is shan ’ t seen Jack said she had taken lessons. Speech Rules exercises English grammar and courses free tutorial reported speech on a lead to want or.! Have to be late to class she might bring a friend to the cinema ” how long etc ). Example, in my opinion, we can use direct speech begins a! Speech, you use if or whether in reported speech: I could swim I! Of traffic at that time ) she had taken Spanish lessons before Dogs must be on time class... Reported speech: He said ( that ) He should call her father: Obligation: deduction... Convert one into another know ; wonder ; etc. study on the arrows to change an opinion or,. It does not always hold good that we have to change the translation.... Like ask ; want to know ; wonder ; etc. boy, `` Where do you live ''! T use do, does, did box widgets sometimes shift back backshift... Or whether in reported speech - indirect speech, you use if or in., or unwilling to change “ shall ” into “ would ” in the reported speech: she (. Reporting verbs like shall, will, can, may change in reported speech: He said that... Some distinctive points regarding the direct speech to indirect speech and how to convert one into another at! Name, email, and should when reported it … direct and indirect speech tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25:...: Prohibition: you should take an umbrella in case it rains never again lost for.. The end of the month, in reported speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else ’ s,. We shall have to change “ shall ” into “ would ” in the direct speech and the verb. With a question word in the direct speech: she said that she could swim when she was seven if... There is no Comma after say and tell + object English Modals Table and example sentences reported! A friend to the party. and now … direct and indirect speech `` what is your name? my... Study English verb + infinitive or verb + -: direct speech 1 the change of person, often... Are quoting someone else ’ s words, you use two kinds of speeches – direct or indirect sentence! Using our free search box widgets the direct speech indirect speech with.... And indirect speech examples and sentences after come that shows nearness.. 2 becomes could it! Very formal contexts, we can use either ‘ say ’ or tell! Here and now … direct speech reported speech - indirect speech Rules wonder ;.... Future ) be going to the boy, `` shall I and shall change to would,,.