Noteworthy Characteristics. Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) is also called Pleurisy Root, Canada Root, Orange Milkweed, and Indian Paintbrush. Though it is far distributed it rarely grows in large colonies like its common cousin Asclepias syrica. Like other milkweeds, this plant produces a bitter tasting and potentially irritating white latex that contains toxic cardiac glycosides. Oppositely arranged leaves are pubescent and dark green adaxially and densely pubescent and light green abaxially. However, butterfly weed sap is not milky. Asclepias purpurascens – Purple Milkweed is uncommon with many butterfly gardeners but it is a great alternative due to its non-invasive habit. It is a native perennial listed as endangered in Massachusetts and Wisconsin, and as a species … Interesting fact about this plant is the Blackfoot Indians used the chewed roots to treat topical swellings and rashes, and chewed the roots for sore throat. Whorled Milkweed (Asclepias verticillata) has very skinny, “whorled” leaves. Milkweed flower color varies across species and can be white, yellow, green, purple, pink, orange, or red. A member of the Asclepiadacea family, purple milkweed is found growing primarily in Eastern North America. Education, Gardening and Fun: Spreading the Joy of Butterflies to Everyone! Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) Found in ON, QC. • Perennial in USDA Zones 3-7. Different milkweeds (Asclepias) have slightly different flowers, though they have many similarities.But there are more prominent differences below ground. formation occurs, the pods of common milkweed are hairy and warty, whereas those of purple milkweed are downy but without warts. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Characteristics that help to distinguish it from the common milkweed include a more prominent net veination than common milkweed and umbels that form primarily in the upper part of the plant. Purple milkweed is similar to common milkweed in flower color and leaf shape, but is more compact and colorful and doesn't spread as much. Native to most of the Continental US and Eastern Canada. The one most similar to common milkweed is purple milkweed, but its flowers are darker and more purplish, and its pods lack slender warty projections. Here is a great write-up from Wild Ones that focuses on the most popular milkweed plants in our area (most popular with us as gardeners/habitat stewards and with the Monarchs :):. There are different varieties of this milkweed including ‘Cinderella’ Swamp Milkweed (pink blooms) ‘Ice Ballet’ Swamp Milkweed (white blooms.). The horns are down curved and purplish white. Purple Milkweed (Asclepias purpurascens) is similar in appearance to common milkweed, but the blooms are a deeper purple color and this species won’t take over your garden. This Mid-western wildflower is a host plant for Monarch populations in the middle portion of the US. There are 5 rose pink petals with hoods that are connected at the base below the anther column. • Partial shade to full sun. Purple milkweed is an attractive and robust herbaceous perennial plant reaching 2-4’ tall producing attractive terminal clusters of purple flowers from late spring into summer. Growing Conditions: Needs sunlight, drought tolerant, dry to moist soils. These flower parts are highly modified for insect pollination. Hi — I have lots of common milkweed in my VT pastures, and this year noticed a surprising number of Monarch butterflies. The Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) also performs well, but the butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) was a little trickier to grow. Description: Also known as Narrowleaf milkweed, this perennial has narrow, whorled leaves with clusters of greenish-white flowers, often tinged with purple and blooms June to September. Native to most of the eastern US and eastern Canada. Common names are from state and federal lists. • Medium-dry to dry soil. • Sandy or rocky well-drained soil. Tropical Milkweed (Asclepias curassavica) Tropical milkweed probably wins the contest for the … Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Whorled Milkweed can bloom anytime between July and September, which is later in the year than many other milkweeds. Its deep, vividly purple-pink colored umbels of flowers occur at the apex of the central stem. Poke Milkweed is often planted as a fast-growing annual in colder zones, where it will tolerate full sun. We grow and ship several species of milkweed (Asclepias curassavica, Asclepias incarnata, and Asclepias tuberosa) from May thru October. • Thrives in full sun. US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE Preferred habitat includes full to part sun on sandy soils of prairies, shrub thickets, shores, and dry open woodlands of such as oak and oak/pine forests. The much sought-after Asclepias purpurascens, Purple Milkweed looks similar to Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca), but the flower color is a rich red-purple color compared to the soft gray-pink of Common Milkweed. • Native to southcentral and southeastern United States. In addition to being a host plant for the monarch butterfly, many other butterflies and bees will visit. Prairie Milkweed is usually a shorter plant than Common Milkweed, and it produces fewer umbels of flowers from the axils of … Similar to common milkweed in flower and leaf shape, but more compact and colorful. Common_Milkweed_fruits_8-11-14.JPG. The prepped pods also can be frozen and should be good for up to 3 months. Perennial. Although it spreads through underground rhizomes, it is far less aggressive than common milkweed and is an excellent alternative. Milkweed is one of the Monarch Butterflies’ favorite plants and will bring many winged friends to your garden or meadow. This is the likely reason that this wildflower has few mammalian herbivores other than deer that are believed to negatively impact the dispersal of seeds. It will grow well in containers and can easily be grown from cuttings. • Perennial USDA Zones 3-11. USDA hardiness zones 3a-9b; Full sun to part shade; Height 2 to 3 feet; Needs partially wet, well-drained soil. • USDA Zones 3-11. Connecticut. Spreading by underground rhizomes, Purple Milkweed is best grown in unused areas of your yard, along ditch banks and fences … This picture illustrates the corona with it's 5 hoods (this is where nectar is stored) and it's 5 … Asclepias purpurascens. While not exceptionally beautiful, it is an interesting milkweed variety. It is similar to Common Milkweed but is less aggressive, has slightly smaller flowers, and an overall smooth appearance on the stem, leaves, and seed pods. Occurring widely in the northeast in thickets, open woods, and fields, Purple Milkweed is similar to common Milkweed except that it has much deeper rose-pink flowers and more pointed leaves. When you purchase, we receive a small commission to fund butterfly education. • Native eastern and central United States from Connecticut to Georgia to Arizona to Montana, as well as southern Canada. Poke milkweed leaves often resemble those of purple milkweed. It is short, compact, and not too aggressive so functionally makes it a great milkweed for a normal/dry to dry yard. • USDA Zones 3-9. 1913. • Partial or full sun. 1913. • Height 3 feet • Native to California, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington. . Relatively common and nothing too special in its own right but purple milkweed (A. purpurascens) is a stunning plant that lights up the roadsides and forest margins come early summer. Please note, this species is rhizomatous and will spread. Asclepias purpurascens range map. • Partial shade to full sun. Common milkweed prefers sunny, dry locations but grows in a variety of conditions. The flowers attract a wide variety of nectar seeking insects. Plants form clumps 2 to 3 feet tall and wide and have stout straight stems topped by beautiful mid-summer rosy-purple flower balls. • Height 2-6 feet. It is one of the easiest milkweeds to grow and establish. Five species of milkweed are native to Oregon. Asclepias purpurascens (Purple Milkweed) in particular is classified as Imperiled in Virginia (VA_DCR), and because it is a host plant for Monarchs, protecting the plant is an important part of conserving the natural habitat of Huntley Meadows Park. It can be a challenge to grow but once established it will thrive for years to come and spread quickly. • Prefers sand, loam, and well-drained soil. • Native to the eastern United States. • Height 24”- 48” tall. Research has shown it to have high nutrient requirements. General Description . Not to be confused with swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata), the flowers are white and restricted to floodplain forest and along streams. Tolerant of drought conditions once established, Native to most of the eastern US and eastern Canada, Well-drained soil, even tough clay or dry sand, Native to the western half of US and Canada. The white flowers can be a greenish-white on some plants. Asclepias purpurascens flowers. Sweetly-scented spherical clusters of purplish burgundy flowers bloom in early summer. Deer resistant, non-aggressive. You may share Butterfly Lady’s articles and photos, for non-commercial purposes, if you attribute Suzanne Tilton as the author/photographer and create an active link back to Butterfly-Lady.com. "It likes a really dry … • Native to central and south-central United States. It takes about two years before it flowers, but it is well worth the wait for the spectacular orange blooms. Short Green Milkweed (Asclepias viridiflora) is one of the more widespread milkweeds. This uncommon species is native to lightly shaded edges and open woods. davisii (Davis’ milkweed) Asclepias fascicularis (narrow-leaved milkweed) Common milkweed exists over much of the United States, while butterfly weed grows mainly east of the Rocky Mountains. • Drought tolerant. leaves are hairless on their undersides. Description: Grows up to 1m in height but is … • Medium, to medium-dry well-drained soil. Poke Milkweed (Asclepias exaltada) is one of the few milkweeds that are shade tolerant. Somewhat similar in appearance to common milkweed, (A. syriaca), purple milkweed is a smaller plant, its flowers are generally more consistent in purple coloration, its flower clusters are more terminal on the stem, and it is less hairy overall. Where they occur together, purple milkweed might hybridize with common milkweed (S. syriaca). It has also been found growing in wet prairies and calcium rich sites. There are clusters of approximately 20 flowers near the top of each plant. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Plant Size: 1-2½ ft (30-76 cm) Desert Milkweed (Asclepias erosa) It's bitter taste makes it fairly deer and rabbit resistant. There are usually one to three blooms that form near the ends of the stems in late spring, early summer. Narrowleaf Milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis), also known as Mexican Whorled Milkweed, blooms in clusters of lavender, pale pink, purple, white, to greenish shades of flowers. Asclepias purpurascens, commonly called purple milkweed, is a rough, weedy, Missouri native perennial that commonly occurs in dry to moist open woods, dry ridge tops, thickets, glades, prairie openings, stream banks and wet meadows throughout most of the state (Steyermark).It is similar in appearance to common milkweed (A. syriaca), except its flowers are … • Height 1-2 feet. Grows naturally in open woodlands and between roadsides and woodlands. It tends to be a clumping plant that spreads less aggressively than other milkweed species. Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a critical plant for Monarchs but has a spreading root system so it needs plenty of space. For many years, botanists have known the two families were closely related. • Native to the Southeastern United States. Butterfly Lady showcases products with affiliate links. Purple Milkweed (Asclepias purpurascens) is similar in appearance to common milkweed, but the blooms are a deeper purple color and this species won’t take over your garden. Life history Species overview. • Height 1-2 feet. A magnet for pollinators and a host plant for monarch caterpillars. Asclepias is a genus of herbaceous, perennial, flowering plants known as milkweeds, named for their latex, a milky substance containing cardiac glycosides termed cardenolides, exuded where cells are damaged. This species is closely related with the common milkweed, A. syriaca, with which it sometimes hybridizes at the eastern limits of its distribution.These species are similar in appearance and growth form (tall and robust), but can be distinguished by the layer of fine white hairs on speciosa and flowers that look like small crowns. Spread the word with this t-shirt. A fragrant rose-purple milkweed with honey-scented blooms. Asclepias speciosa, (Showy Milkweed). • Dry to rocky well-drained soil. Milkweeds are different underground. Milkweeds are easy to harvest and easy to prepare. It is a native perennial listed as endangered in Massachusetts and Wisconsin, and as a species of special concern in Tennessee and Connecticut. Spider Milkweed (Asclepias viridis), also known as Green Milkweed, and Green Antelopehorn Milkweed, is one of the earliest spring blooming milkweeds with large yellow and green flowers and purple centers. Purple Milkweed Growing Conditions Asclepias Purpurascens is native to most of the Eastern, Southern and Midwestern parts of the United States and the region around Ontario, Canada (very similar to the range of Common Milkweed). Status: The entire former milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae) has recently been rolled into the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). Britton, N.L., and A. Hi Linda, purple milkweed is native to your region but for most growers it seems more difficult to establish then staples like common and swamp milkweed. Host for Monarch caterpillars, nectar source for many butterflies. This guide includes profiles of the four most common species, all of which are used as a larval host plant by the monarch butterfly. if you can locate plants/seeds I would say give them a go, but I wouldn’t count on it as your main milkweed variety as you’re getting started. Purple Milkweed (Asclepias purpurascens)By Tania Hanline. It is most easily distinguished from other species by the vibrant magenta color of its flowers, but also by the strong downward point to its horns. Not a spreader.Butterfly relationship: … Asclepias cordifolia (purple milkweed, heartleaf milkweed) Asclepias cryptoceras ssp. Uses: pollinators, host plant, hummingbirds • Height 12” tall. • Full sun. 1400 Independence Ave., SW Orange crown-shaped cluster blooms Summer to Fall. • Prefers moist rich soil. • Perennial in USDA Zones 6-9. Massachusetts. • Full sun. Aquatic Milkweed (Asclepias perennis) prefers wet, rich soil and can be found in wetlands and swamps throughout the Southeastern United States. A member of the Asclepiadacea family, purple milkweed is found growing primarily in Eastern North America. Showy Milkweed (Asclepias speciosa) has flowers that resemble a cluster of brilliant pink stars. • Drought tolerant. Common Milkweed Pods. Blooms late spring to early summer. • Partial shade. Milkweed, Asclepias, is the host plant for Monarch butterflies, and it produces a sweet nectar that is sough by many butterfly species. • Requires regular watering. Purple Milkweed (Asclepias purpurascens) is a rare and showy Milkweed species. • Perennial in USDA Zones 3-7. purple milkweed. Give them a try and who knows — you may really like them and try them again and again. USDA PLANTS Database. Click here to see where you can purchase native milkweed plants online: http://butterfly-lady.com/online-vendors-of-native-milkweeds/. Francis. Current conservation efforts include protecting prairie remnants, maintaining other dry open sites and understanding the natural history that enables it to also exist in moist woods. Thomas G. Barnes @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Unlike swamp milkweed, common milkweed has large broad leaves with a prominent central vein. This is a species that will … The flower clusters are ball shaped and light pink to purple. • USDA Zones 3-9. Special Concern. • Grows best in consistently moist soil. Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) produces purple/pink flower clusters that wildflower gardeners love. Swamp Milkweed  (Asclepias incarnata) usually grows in moist areas but it does not require a moist location in the garden. The optimal identification period for this species is early June through early July. 2004. All other uses, including utilization of materials created by others, are prohibited without written permission from the respective copyright holder. The best time to view this beautiful and special wildflower is from June to August. Copyright © 2009-2020 by Suzanne Tilton for all content, except as noted. Distribution in Missouri: Scattered statewide. This low-maintenance, quick-growing native grows wild in most of the Eastern US and Canada, primarily in damp, shady edges of clearings, or on shorelines of ponds and other waterways. Purple milkweed has very distinctive flowers whose nectar attracts long-tongued bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators. A robust grower, Purple Milkweed does well in most any soil and appreciates moisture. Size: Height: usually to about 3–4 feet, but can grow to 6 feet. Brown. Thank you for your support! I accidentally found a chrysalis in the barn, which I brought indoors; and, before I realized there were many caterpillars in the fields, I brought one caterpillar that I found indoors as well. • Drought tolerant. Asclepias purpurascens L. – purple milkweed Subordinate Taxa. Click here to purchase: https://amzn.to/31rUCNE. Brown. Storing Milkweed Pods. Not only is it very rarely found growing wild, but it is also very hard to find for purchase in nurseries. The seedpods of Purple Milkweed are smooth, while the seedpods of Common Milkweed have soft prickles. Milkweed pods can be kept in the refrigerator and will have a shelf life similar to other produce in the fridge. The pods of common milkweed are comma shaped, thick and covered with spines. The sap is clear, which is unique among the many kinds of milkweeds. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. Click here to see where you can purchase native milkweed plants online: http://butterfly-lady.com/online-vendors-of-native-milkweeds/. Prairie Milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii), a Wisconsin Threatened plant, is found in moist prairies.Blooming occurs early June through early July; fruiting occurs throughout July. Population declines are thought to be connected to gene swapping with common milkweed and low levels of flowering. Prairie Milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii) is extremely easy to grow and grows in any sunny spot in the garden. Similar in appearance to Common Milkweed, the flowers are a rich red-purple and typically bloom in late spring and early summer. Common milkweed is a clonal species and can usually be distinguished from purple milkweed because it usually has many stems distributed over a larger area. Common milkweed has purplish flowers, with the blooms of butterfly weed orange or red, the only kind of milkweed that showcases these colors.Common milkweed has a milky sap like most types of milkweeds, an aspect of the plant that gives milkweeds their name. 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