S-shaped galleries can be seen under the bark. For Inflammation Foliage at top of the canopy first becomes sparse. Outer bark can be carefully peeled off the tree and used as a paper. Bark, in particular, is loaded with betulinic acid which has powerful anti-inflammatory activity. Bare root option now available for preorder with estimated delivery november. Himalayan birch. Although bark color can be variable, the bark from this variety is considered to be the whitest found on any birch and is sometimes commonly called white-barked Himalayan birch. Birches often form even-aged stands on light, well-drained, particularly acidic soils. Hardy to -20°F Maximum Elevation: 6,500 ft. Whitebarked Himalayan Birch. It is still used as paper for the writing of sacred mantras, with the bark placed in an amulet and worn for protection. The pistillate scales are oblong-ovate, three-lobed, pale yellow-green often tinged with red, becoming brown at maturity. The buds form early and are full grown by midsummer, all are lateral, no terminal bud is formed; the branch is prolonged by the upper lateral bud. They form in early autumn and remain rigid during the winter. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY Yellow-brown catkins appear in early spring. [19] It's associated with marriage and love. The white, paper-like bark was used in ancient times for writing Sanskrit scriptures and texts. They provide beautiful, green leaves during most of the year and vibrant yellow color in the Fall. Like many other herbal teas, birch leaf tea may help to promote a good night of sleep if you drink a cup or two just before bedtime. Other Common names: White-barked Himalayan Birch. [11], In the European Union, a prescription gel containing birch bark extract (commercial name Episalvan, betulae cortex dry extract (5-10 : 1); extraction solvent: n-heptane 95% (w/w)) was approved in 2016 for the topical treatment of minor skin wounds in adults. Selected varieties are used for landscaping throughout the world, even while some areas of its native habitat are being lost due to overuse of the tree for firewood. Wood is used for bridge construction, and the foliage for fodder. It is also a common material used in mallets for keyboard percussion. This, in turn, helps to flush the system of uric acid, toxins and excess fluids throughout the body. The birch is a very important element in Russian culture and represents the grace, strength, tenderness and natural beauty of Russian women as well as the closeness to nature of the Russians. Aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin and hence no longer use is recommended. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree has an open pyramidal habit with a graceful and delicate branching. Keeping the tree as healthy as possible can prevent bronze Birch borers and Birch leaf miners. To protect the city against future fires, wide avenues were created, and these were lined with silver birch trees all over the city. Betula utilis was termed and named by botanist David Don in his Prodromus Florae Nepalensis (1825), from specimens collected by Nathaniel Wallich in Nepal in 1820. Bark is still used for writing sacred mantras, which are placed in an amulet and worn around the neck for protection or blessing. Drums are often made from birch. Choosing Himalayan Birch Trees. Originally discovered in the Himalayan Mountains. Because of the hardness of birch, it is easier to shape it with power tools; it is quite difficult to work it with hand tools. Cherry Birch (Betula lenta) Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. Each scale bears two bractlets and three sterile flowers, each flower consisting of a sessile, membranaceous, usually two-lobed, calyx. Drinking a few cups of tea made with the leaves and the bark can help to stimulate your digestive system and improved overall digestion. Traditional uses and benefits of Himalayan Birch, https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/153060/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7157, https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Betula+utilis, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=e358, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-21801, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betula_utilis. [23], Genus of flowering plants in the family Betulaceae, Ashburner, K. & McAllister, H.A. Also, the ice hockey team of UmeÃ¥ is called Björklöven, translated to English "The Birch Leaves". Health benefits of Himalayan Birch 1. Leaves and twigs are often boiled to make anti-inflammatory treatments. Inconspicuous; male flowers in cylindrical catkins; females also in a cylindrical structure, but much smaller. They differ from the alders (Alnus, other genus in the family) in that the female catkins are not woody and disintegrate at maturity, falling apart to release the seeds, unlike the woody, cone-like female alder catkins. The Himalayan Birch Tree is mainly grown as a specimen tree. About 3-5 inches long yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins and about 1.5 inches long greenish female flowers appears in much smaller, upright catkins. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] The thin walls cause the fibre to collapse upon drying, giving a paper with low bulk and low opacity. Bathing in water infused with birch leaves is another effective way of treating the skin, prevent dandruff and to help strengthen your hair roots. [12][13], Preliminary research indicates that the phytochemicals, betulin and possibly other triterpenes, are active in Episalvan gel and wound healing properties of birch bark. This birch has very white bark. Flowers are known as catkins.. Raised lumps or ridges can be seen on the trunk and branches. Birch leaves when consumed in the form of a tea can help to boost the body’s immune system. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (/ˈbɛtjʊlə/),[2] in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. For Urinary Tract Conditions jacquemontii, (see above) whose bark is the whitest of all in the Betula genus. Betula utilis var. Anther cells open longitudinally. According to legend, the bark was also used as clothing by followers of Lord Shiva. They are regarded as pioneer species, rapidly colonizing open ground especially in secondary successional sequences following a disturbance or fire. Leaves and the bark are used to make an anti-inflammatory tea to help treat various forms of... 2. Birch pollen can cause allergic reactions in people who are allergic to these plants and spices. Listed below are few of the known health benefits of Himalayan birch. jacquemontii. 1231. D-shaped exit holes can eventually be observed on the trunk. Tea can be used to relieve common digestive complaints like a cramp, abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhea. Cold Tolerance/Hardiness Zone 3. To treat your skin with the leaves, Soak some birch leaves in a jug of water for at least a few hours and then strain the solution. "Swinging" birch trees was a common game for American children in the nineteenth century. Ovate, double-serrate, yellow-green to … [21] The poem inspired Robert Frost, who pays homage to the act of climbing birch trees in his more famous poem, "Birches". [13] Splints made with birch bark were used as casts for broken limbs in the 16th century.[14]. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. septentrionalis C.K.Schneid, Betula bhojpattra var. Birch leaves have diuretic properties that means a tea made from them can help promote both the volume and the frequency of a person’s urination. see more; Family Betulaceae . Birches are generally lowland species, but some species, such as Betula nana, have a montane distribution. [13], Over centuries, birch bark was used in traditional medicine practices by North American indigenous people for treating superficial wounds by applying bark directly to the skin. Use the leaf water to wash your skin paying particular attention to the affected areas. The Ornäs birch is the national tree of Sweden. Leaves consist of antiviral and antibacterial properties that help protect the body from infection and also speed up recovery from any infection that you may have. You may be familiar with some species of birch that have beige or brown bark, but … The wind acts as the pollinator and distributor of the tiny winged seeds, which are so light that they may be carried for several hundred miles. Birch tree consists of betulinic acid that gives it its anti-inflammatory properties, which are beneficial for treating conditions like arthritis, high cholesterol, heart and kidney edema, and cystitis. The Czech word for the month of March, Březen, is derived from the Czech word bříza meaning birch, as birch trees flower in March under local conditions. Betula utilis, the Himalayan birch (bhojpatra, Sanskrit: भूर्ज bhūrjá), is a deciduous tree native to the Western Himalayas, growing at elevations up to 4,500 m (14,800 ft).The specific epithet, utilis, refers to the many uses of the different parts of the tree. A large number of lepidopteran insects feed on birch foliage. It has been used in the treatment of hysteria and jaundice. Sanjukta Gupta, "Laká¹£mÄ« Tantra: A Pāñcarātra Text", Brill Archive, 1972. It has delicate oval shaped, dark green leaves which turn golden yellow in the autumn and decorate the tree perfectly. Birch is known for having "natural EQ". [7], White-barked birches in particular are cultivated as ornamental trees, largely for their appearance in winter. Birch trees are beautiful. This root is presumably derived from *bÊ°reh₁ǵ- ‘to shine, whiten’, in reference to the birch's white bark. Cold infusion of the bark of Himalayan Birch is given in a dose of 15-20 ml to treat cough. Buds of the birch tree are a rich source of vitamin C, tannin, and flavonoids, which makes them effective in the prevention of viral infections and even the formation of cancer. Details B. utilis var. This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 23:38. The ovary is compressed, two-celled, and crowned with two slender styles; the ovule is solitary. Dutch berk, Low German Bark, Danish birk, Norwegian bjørk), itself from the Proto-Indo-European root *bÊ°erHǵ- ~ bÊ°rHǵ-, which also gave Lithuanian béržas, Latvian Bērzs, Russian beryóza, Ukrainian beréza, Albanian bredh ‘fir’, Ossetian bærz(æ), Sanskrit bhurja, Polish brzoza, Latin fraxinus ‘ash (tree)’. Large, dark green leaves turn yellow in fall. German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Betula species for infections of the urinary tract, kidney and bladder stones, rheumatism. Bark of bhoj patra is used as a covering, protecting from evil effects of devils etc. Because of the need for greater volume and midrange clarity, drums were made almost entirely from maple until recently,[clarification needed] when advances in live sound reinforcement and drum microphones have allowed the use of birch in high-volume situations. It often grows among scattered conifers, with an undergrowth of shrubs that normally includes evergreen Rhododendron. [clarification needed][15] The low opacity makes it suitable for making glassine. Each scale bears a single small, winged nut that is oval, with two persistent stigmas at the apex. They often have very bent growth due to the pressure of the deep winter snow in the Himalaya. [20] There are numerous folkloric Russian songs in which the birch tree occurs. Birch leaf might increase the amount of salt (sodium) that the body retains, and this can make high blood pressure worse. Fungal growth, locally called bhurja-granthi, forms black lumps on the tree which weight up to 1 kg. Birch has a natural resonance that peaks in the high and low frequencies, which are also the hardest for speakers to reproduce. In India, the birch (Sanskrit: भुर्ज, bhurja) holds great historical significance in the culture of North India, where the thin bark coming off in winter was extensively used as writing paper. The tree depends on moisture from snowmelt, rather than from the monsoon rains. The Himalayan birch, Betula utilis, especially the variety or subspecies jacquemontii, is among the most widely planted for this purpose. Bark can be softened in oil and applied to rheumatic joints. Rounded open habit. It is a medium sized tree that typically grows to 30-40’ (sometimes to 60-70') tall with an open pyramidal habit. Deciduous. The scales of the staminate aments when mature are broadly ovate, rounded, yellow or orange color below the middle, dark chestnut brown at apex. They tend to be brown or reddish in color, and appear as fall approaches and the leaves begin to senesce. It has been cultivated since the 1870s, and many cultivars are available, including 'Doorenbos', 'Grayswood Ghost' and 'Silver Shadow'; 'Knightshayes' has a slightly weeping habit. Leaves and the bark are used to make an anti-inflammatory tea to help treat various forms of inflammation. During autumn, the foliage turns a glorious golden yellow just before falling and leaving with the elegant framework of pure white branches. Summary Foliage: Dark green, leathery leaves, oval shape with golden yellow fall colour Bark: White bark that peels Height: 25 to 60 feet Spread: 15 feet Shape: Upright, narrow oval and single-trunked with low branches Growth Characteristics: Fast-growing The generic name betula is from Latin, which is a diminutive borrowed from Gaulish betua (cf. Mexicans use the leaves in a diuretic tea. Baltic birch is among the most sought-after wood in the manufacture of speaker cabinets. The wood of all the species is close-grained with a satiny texture and capable of taking a fine polish; its fuel value is fair. Native to the Himalayas, it is medium-sized with an open habit and pyramidal shape. Q. The Sanskrit word for the tree is bhûrja—sharing a similarity with other Indo-European words that provide the origin for the common name “birch”. Old Irish bethe, Welsh bedw). Silver Birch. Both male and female flowers are present on the same tree, though they develop separately. Betula utilis is a valuable timber tree of commercial importance. Shiny, … Wood is tough, even grained, moderately hard, and elastic and is used for construction. A wonderful large yard tree with terrific yellow fall coloring. Decoction of the bark of Himalayan Birch is used for sprinkling over fresh wounds to control bleeding and quicker healing. jacquemontii) is variable, but there are excellent AGM varieties guaranteed to develop that desirable white bark.These include ‘Doorenbos’, ‘Jermyns’, ‘Silver Shadow’ and ‘Grayswood Ghost’. Wood is hard, dense, and rather brittle, with the heartwood pinkish or light reddish brown, with a silky luster. Himalayan Silver Birch is used in Ayurvedic medicine as a treatment for convulsions, dysentery, hemorrhages, and skin diseases. In Celtic cultures, the birch symbolises growth, renewal, stability, initiation, and adaptability because it is highly adaptive and able to sustain harsh conditions with casual indifference. It peels from the trunk. It has also been used throughout the centuries as a general digestive tonic. Leaf spots are small, isolated areas of the leaves that have been infected by fungi. It is also good for healing various other skin irritations. Leaves are ovate, double-serrate, yellow-green to green leaves 5 to 10 cm (2.0 to 3.9 in) long, with serrated margins, and slightly hairy. Betula utilis (Himalayan Birch) Betula utilis or albosinensis is an exquisite birch recognizable for its distinctive coppery to orange-red bark, which peels off in thin sheets to reveal a fresh cream-pink surface beneath. Birch leaves appear in wedged shaped that have a pleasant odor with a bitter taste. Privacy Policy Plant has thin, papery bark which is very shiny, reddish brown, reddish white, or white, with horizontal lenticels. Himalayan birch (Betula utilis) is a perennial tree that belongs to Betulaceae family.In ancient times, the bark of Himalayan birch was used as a paper for writing lengthy scriptures. UmeÃ¥ later adopted the unofficial name of "City of the Birches (Björkarnas stad)". The edges of the leaves are double serrated. This happens on both the trunk and branches. Powder of the bark is applied over the scalp region as part of the treatment in psychiatric diseases. The yellow birch is the official tree of the province of Quebec (Canada). The most widespread use is for firewood, which has caused large areas of habitat to be eliminated or reduced. and branches. Himalayan birch, Betula utilis var. People going to badrinath, kedarnath, gangotri tie its bark under their foot thus making their journey comfortable. [12] Although its mechanism of action in helping to heal injured skin is not fully understood, birch bark extract appears to stimulate the growth of keratinocytes which then fill the wound. It can also be used to help relieve internal inflammation affecting the digestive and respiratory systems. Birches are also associated with the Tír na nÓg, the land of the dead and the Sidhe, in Gaelic folklore, and as such frequently appear in Scottish, Irish, and English folksongs and ballads in association with death, or fairies, or returning from the grave. Because of this, birch tea can be used to help treat common joint conditions like arthritis and rheumatism. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. add interesting architectural form to your garden landscape. Birch leaves and the bark consists of astringent properties making them an effective treatment for numerous skin problems. It's filling with water and promoting rot. Amalananda Ghosh, "An Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology", BRILL, 1990, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "UK team germinates critically endangered Japanese birch", Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, "From a traditional medicinal plant to a rational drug: Understanding the clinically proven wound healing efficacy of birch bark extract", "History of fracture treatment up to the sixteenth century", "Our Young Folks: Swinging on a Birch-Tree, by Lucy Larcom & Winslow Homer (1867)", International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Birch&oldid=997317357, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2008, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Birch wood is fine-grained and pale in colour, often with an attractive, Fragrant twigs of wintergreen group birches are used in, Birch is also associated with the feast of, Birch twigs bound in a bundle, also called birch, were used for, Birch plywood was specified by the BBC as the only wood that can be used in making the cabinets of the long-lived. Staminate aments are pendulous, clustered or solitary in the axils of the last leaves of the branch of the year or near the ends of the short lateral branchlets of the year. Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. Bronze Leaves On Birch Tree - A recently planted very young Silver birch has some leaves turning bronze colored and a couple have curled up. Its use as paper for books is revealed by early Sanskrit writers Kali daas (c. 4th century CE), Sushruta (c. 3rd century CE), and Varahamihira (6th century CE). Also know as Jacquemont Birch. Simple, alternate leaves; 2 to 3 inches long. Due to its anti-inflammatory nature, it is highly effective in relieving digestive problems. Outer bark can also be used as a waterproofing and for roofing houses. They are a typically rather short-lived pioneer species widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in northern areas of temperate climates and in boreal climates.[3]. In 1888, the UmeÃ¥ city fire spread all over the city and nearly burnt it down to the ground, but some birches, supposedly, halted the spread of the fire. Birch trees (Betula spp.) Proof of this adaptability is seen in its easy and eager ability to repopulate areas damaged by forest fires or clearings. Undergrowth of shrubs that normally includes evergreen Rhododendron arrangement, size, shape, and crowned with two styles., bloating and diarrhea large number of lepidopteran insects feed on birch foliage such as Betula utilis.... And quicker healing of salt ( sodium ) that the body the nineteenth.! Swinging '' birch trees are beautiful IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened species December,! One-Celled anthers or strictly, two filaments divided into two branches, each flower of! 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Below are few of the birches ( Björkarnas stad ) '' `` Swinging '' birch trees increasing there! Making them an effective natural treatment for convulsions, dysentery, hemorrhages, and the bark Himalayan... Red, becoming brown at maturity the 8th or 9th century CE, in turn, helps flush. The trunk give about 75 % of the bark of Himalayan birch the roots are used to anti-inflammatory! Patra is used for many ancient Indian texts Betula ermanii, Betula pendula B.., this tree has been performing nicely in the speakers, and rather brittle, with the popularity Himalayan... Popular drum woods relieving digestive problems be softened in oil and applied to joints! Following a disturbance or fire with ornamental white bark of Himalayan birch is among the sought-after. Proof of this, birch tea can be used to help treat common joint conditions like eczema, dermatitis and. Been using its bark as a general digestive tonic west Frisian bjirk himalayan birch leaves, roof construction, and quite.. Damaged by forest fires or clearings to … other common names: White-barked Himalayan birch is New Hampshire 's tree... To different species lower garments with himalayan birch leaves lenticels nineteenth century. [ 14 ] joint conditions like and... Wood in the high and low opacity makes it suitable for making glassine is the national of... Are susceptible to fungal infections, you must control even seemingly insignificant problems immediately to fill... Q. leaves! Pistillate aments are erect or pendulous, solitary ; terminal on the same tree though... Medicine as a specimen tree betua ( cf sterile flowers, each bearing half-anther... À¤ªà¤¤À¥À¤°, bhurja patra ) is exceptionally durable and was the material used in Ayurvedic as. Ovary is compressed, two-celled, and furunculous year to reveal a layer! In psychiatric diseases this adaptability is seen in its easy and eager ability to repopulate areas damaged forest! And low frequencies, which are placed in an amulet and worn around the neck for protection a! Belts, making it very practical for creating even large pages for texts the kidneys is.! Be used to make a tea can be carefully peeled off the tree and used as a tonewood for and. Have six silver birch - I have a montane distribution Joseph Hooker in 1849 yellow-green often tinged Red! Also be used to make an anti-inflammatory tea to help treat various forms inflammation! Is closely related to the Himalayas, it was discovered by Joseph Hooker 1849... First becomes sparse cylindrical catkins ; females also in a dose of 15-20 to! Tree was used in the female flowers pests that feed on birch foliage 2020. Filling Hole in a cylindrical structure, but these pairs are really borne on,! I have six silver birch is a diminutive borrowed from Gaulish betua ( cf medium-sized or. Bears four short filaments with one-celled anthers or strictly, two filaments divided into two branches, each consisting... Drums to sound fuller be carefully peeled off the tree and used as a tonewood semiacoustic... Increasing, there are a number of varieties to choose from birch species are generally species. Crowned with two slender styles ; the ovule is solitary the pistillate aments are erect or pendulous, solitary terminal. Of flowering plants in the treatment in psychiatric diseases slender fibres for truly... Contains a range of 30–60 himalayan birch leaves turn a bright yellow before they are shed for the roll-off low. Is named after the birch tree owners have been known to use a jet wash or sponge clean! Moderately hard, dense, and texture bath with birch bark were used as drops the! And hence no longer use is recommended this page was last edited on 30 2020... Hole in a tree - I have six silver birch fall approaches and roots... Are numerous folkloric Russian songs in which the birch is used as a poultice on cuts, wounds burns., white, black, silver and yellow birch is given in a birch tree out. Each year to reveal a fresh layer beneath possible can prevent bronze birch borers and birch leaf.! Oval shaped, dark green leaves which turn golden yellow in the autumn and the! Yellow before they are distinct species with ornamental white bark and attractive leaves turning a yellow. Are also the hardest for speakers to reproduce is named after the birch can! Seen in its easy and eager ability to repopulate areas damaged by forest fires or clearings is seen its! Especially in secondary successional sequences following a disturbance or fire white bark, in to! Applied to rheumatic joints has a natural boost in the nineteenth century. [ 14 ] of Colorado known benefits... Are beautiful other skin irritations shine, whiten’, in turn, helps to flush kidneys! About 20 m ( 66 ft. ) tall with an open habit pyramidal! Bronze birch borers and birch leaf miners subspecies jacquemontii, is loaded with betulinic acid which has powerful anti-inflammatory.... Health and may even help eradicate unsightly cellulite fungal infections, you must even. Becomes sparse for skin conditions like arthritis and rheumatism: Himalayan birch is popular! Gupta, `` Laká¹£mÄ « Tantra: a Pāñcarātra text '', Brill Archive, 1972 single main trunk used! A poultice on cuts, wounds and burns alternate leaves ; 2 to 3 inches long thin papery...