Our society is one in which athletics has achieved a status entirely out of proportion to its intrinsic value. James 5:7-11 Be patient therefore, brothers, to the coming of the Lord. In Hebrews 12:1, how should μαρτύρων be understood? Hebrews 12:1 English Standard Version (ESV) Jesus, Founder and Perfecter of Our Faith. (max 2 MiB). The saints (αγιων - holy ones) have died for their testimony, too, but they have distinguished themselves in other ways, such as their prayers (Revelation 5:8,8:3-4), patience and faith (Revelation 13:10, 14:12), and their righteousness (Revelation 19:8). Hebrews 12:1(NASB) Verse Thoughts. 4 In writing to Jews, the author of the epistle to the Hebrews was referring to the creation of the manifold worlds which the Jews believed existed according to their tradition. Hebrews 12:1 New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE) The Example of Jesus. easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is 12:1 - How should μαρτύρων be understood? Or, perhaps both? μαρτύρων refers to "witnesses", i.e. conjunction. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSav51fVlKU. Strong’s definition: “To become, come into being." The first chapters of Acts describe that thousands of … Looking. 12:1 which describes living saints running a race and being encompassed or surrounded by a “cloud of μαρτύρων,” how should μαρτύρων be understood? μενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα TR, 1550. Yes, there are two others. The same Greek … Ok, I'm adding to it in order to answer your questions here. Usage: a witness; an eye- or ear-witness. 12 "Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding If …, Hebrews 10:35-39 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which has great recompense of reward…. Hebrews 12:1–2 is one sentence in the Greek text comprised of a main clause and three subordinate clauses, each introduced by participles. ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν δι' ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, Hebrews 12:1 Hebrew Bibleלכן גם אנחנו אשר ענן עדים רב כזה סבב אתנו נשליכה ממנו כל טרח והחטא המקיף עלינו ונרוצה בתוחלת את המרוצה הערוכה לפנינו׃, Hebrews 12:1 Aramaic NT: Peshittaܡܛܠ ܗܢܐ ܐܦ ܚܢܢ ܕܐܝܬ ܠܢ ܗܠܝܢ ܟܠܗܘܢ ܤܗܕܐ ܕܐܝܟ ܥܢܢܐ ܚܕܝܪܝܢ ܠܢ ܢܫܕܐ ܡܢܢ ܟܠ ܝܘܩܪܝܢ ܐܦ ܚܛܝܬܐ ܕܒܟܠܙܒܢ ܡܛܝܒܐ ܗܝ ܠܢ ܘܒܡܤܝܒܪܢܘܬܐ ܢܪܗܛܝܘܗܝ ܠܐܓܘܢܐ ܗܢܐ ܕܤܝܡ ܠܢ ܀, Hebrews 11:2-38 For by it the elders obtained a good report…. “Ordained” is “ginomai” (Strong’s G1096). 1-2. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy, 2020 Stack Exchange, Inc. user contributions under cc by-sa, https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/22175/in-hebrews-121-how-should-%ce%bc%ce%b1%cf%81%cf%84%e1%bd%bb%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-be-understood/22182#22182. It is so great, in fact, that it can be understood without any commentary whatsoever: its meaning is obvious for anyone who wants to understand. Original Word: μάρτυς, υρος, ὁ. This Greek word appears many times in the NT and only three times translated as “martyr,” each time denoting those that died, refusing to recant their faith in Christ (Acts 22:20, Revelation 17:6, Revelation 22:13). Hebrews 12:1 Or “obstacle course.” The Greek word agona means agony or conflict. https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/22175/in-hebrews-121-how-should-%ce%bc%ce%b1%cf%81%cf%84%e1%bd%bb%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-be-understood/47193#47193. Looking unto--literally, "Looking from afar" throne of God. πιστιν. Paul also uses the term "race" in 1 Corinthians 9:24,KJV: "Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν δι' ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, לכן גם אנחנו אשר ענן עדים רב כזה סבב אתנו נשליכה ממנו כל טרח והחטא המקיף עלינו ונרוצה בתוחלת את המרוצה הערוכה לפנינו׃, ܡܛܠ ܗܢܐ ܐܦ ܚܢܢ ܕܐܝܬ ܠܢ ܗܠܝܢ ܟܠܗܘܢ ܤܗܕܐ ܕܐܝܟ ܥܢܢܐ ܚܕܝܪܝܢ ܠܢ ܢܫܕܐ ܡܢܢ ܟܠ ܝܘܩܪܝܢ ܐܦ ܚܛܝܬܐ ܕܒܟܠܙܒܢ ܡܛܝܒܐ ܗܝ ܠܢ ܘܒܡܤܝܒܪܢܘܬܐ ܢܪܗܛܝܘܗܝ ܠܐܓܘܢܐ ܗܢܐ ܕܤܝܡ ܠܢ ܀, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, So run, that ye may obtain. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. Thank you, Daisy. See here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSav51fVlKU. Paul knew that the Hebrews worshippers needed to become aware that faith called for courageous action and endurance. -- The letter of the Smyrnaeans 19:1. Thus, by keeping closely in mind the example of the “cloud of witnesses," the first-century Hebrew Christians could draw courage and "run the race with endurance. Thayer’s Lexicon: “to become, i.e. I will update my answer. 12:1 (i.e., the race) and argue why it shouldn't be translated as "witnesses" (like most if not all translations do). The excellent example set by those faithful servants of God, mentioned by Paul in Hebrews chapter 11 like, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, and many others, that faced hardships would strengthen the determination of the Hebrews to deal with the trials and hardships they faced. Hebrews 12:1 “Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,” King James Version (KJV) 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight and the sin that clings so closely, and let us run with perseverance the race that is set before us, (Hebrews 12 - Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary) A world of encouragement is bound up the examples of the saints who have run and finished the race. In Hebrews 12:1, how should μαρτύρων be understood? ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox ChurchΤοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Editionτοιγαροῦν καί ἡμᾶς τοσοῦτος ἔχω περίκειμαι ἡμᾶς νέφος μάρτυς ὄγκος ἀποτίθημι πᾶς καί ὁ εὐπερίστατος ἁμαρτία διά ὑπομονή τρέχω ὁ πρόκειμαι ἡμᾶς ἀγών. Isn't there more than one instance of it being translated as "martyr"? Thayers Lexicon: "one who is mindful, heeds." What does this verse really mean? ** I think there's a discrepancy here. Using the search tool at the Unbound Bible site, or any similar site/application, it can be seen that μαρτύρων is rendered in the KJV as "witnesses" or "testifies" in all but one instance, Revelation 17:6, where it is given as "martyrs". I gave you a courtesy (+1) for relating back to its usage in an early church text, but I disagree with the application of the passage re: discouraging the 'pursuit of martyrdom', as it isolates the text from its own context and fails to engage with why martyrdom became such a big deal for early Christians. inclose, encircle, hamper -- be bound (compassed) with, hang about. and. Though now deceased, they could be thought of as seasoned runners who could encourage newer runners in the race. set before us". Hebrews 12:1 Translation & Meaning. Ecclesiastes 9:11 KJV uses the idea of winning a "race" as one of several analogies to compare the highs and lows of man to death. Thanks to all the people that voted up this question. How many times does "martyr" appear in this passage in comparison to "Christ"? martus: a witness. Here is a danger to be avoided: martyrs are glorified, and if they are glorified, Christ is not. Greek Term Paper on Exegesis of Hebrews 12 1 3 Assignment As Louis. The Hebrews were Jews in Palestine who had got converted upon the preaching of the apostles. 2. In the one place in Revelation where the KJV has given "martyrs", there is sufficient evidence for them to have chosen "prophets" instead, with a footnote indicating the word is actually "witnesses". as well, this epistle contains an educated awareness of both Greek philosophy and Jewish theology. A good answer should simply demonstrate the usage of μαρτυρος in such texts, and explain how that might influence our exegesis of the key passage and other NT uses. Hebrews 12:1 Christian Standard Bible (CSB) The Call to Endurance. These people are screaming, waving their arms, jumping up and down. those who testify in word and deed to the goodness of God, regardless of the consequences. The circumstances recorded in Acts surrounding the death of Stephen, possibly explains the preference for, and hence the growth in, the usage of the word "martyr". I think Paul is using the idea of running a race to faith. Hebrews 12:1. Particularly pertinent to hebrews 12:1-2, the book of hebrews employed clas-sical images from Greco-roman culture to … Their deaths were a witness for the Lord. Hebrews 12:3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against … Luke 8:15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good …, Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and …, Romans 5:3-5 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that …, Romans 8:24,25 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for …. Barnes's Hebrews 12:1 Bible Commentary Wherefore - In view of what has been said in the previous chapter. author--"Prince-leader." You can also provide a link from the web. It's taking me a while to learn this site and I recently found where all the info is stored and smiled when I saw all the pluses. Hebrews 12:1-3 Delivered 02/10/2002. It reminds me of the film, "Chariots of Fire." ", Click here to upload your image Romans 12:12 Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer; James 1:3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith works patience. Martyrs? Hebrews gives us a wonderful list of people who are commended by God for their faith. Hebrews 12:1. τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων¸ ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἀμαρτίαν, δι ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα. But he said, Lord, suffer me first …, Luke 12:15 And he said to them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness…, Luke 14:26-33 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, …, Luke 18:22-25 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said to him, Yet lack you one …, Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged …, Romans 13:11-14 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out …, 2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves …, Ephesians 4:22-24 That you put off concerning the former conversation the old man, …, Colossians 3:5-8 Mortify therefore your members which are on the earth; fornication, …, 1 Timothy 6:9,10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and …, 2 Timothy 2:4 No man that wars entangles himself with the affairs of this life; …, 1 Peter 2:1 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …, 1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to …, 1 John 2:15,16 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. Here's the issue with the notion of martyrdom: So it befell the blessed Polycarp, who having with those from Philadelphia suffered martyrdom in Smyrna--twelve in all--is especially remembered more than the others by all men, so that he is talked of even by the heathen in every place: for he showed himself not only a notable teacher, but also a distinguished martyr, whose martyrdom all desire to imitate, seeing that it was after the pattern of the Gospel of Christ. It's 3 to 1, and "Christ" is only a peripheral reference. Hebrews 12:1 (GNTA) As for us, we have this large crowd of witnesses around us. Hebrews 12 is the twelfth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The author is anonymous, although the internal reference to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) causes a traditional attribution to Paul, but this attribution has been disputed since the second century and there is no decisive evidence for the authorship. Hebrews 12 - Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset [us], and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, περικειμενον verb - present middle or passive deponent participle - accusative singular neuter perikeimai per-ik'-i-mahee: to lie all around, i.e. I didn't downvote your answer, but perhaps you can mention the context of Heb. Based on the context of Heb. Usage: a witness; an eye- or ear-witness. We call them martyrs; he called them “martys” or “martus" ("of uncertain affinity, a witness," Strong's G3144). In this verse, Paul is referring to those that died in Hebrews 11. The Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature points the finger at the “early ecclesiastic writers,” who “applied it to every one who suffered death in the Christian cause.”, “Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.”. The "great cloud of witnesses" were no mere spectators or bystanders, as it were, who were there only to watch the race or to see their favorite athlete or team win. People go nuts over sports, have you ever watched the fans at a game? Hebrews 12:1 German Bible Alphabetical: a also and are aside before by cloud easily encumbrance endurance entangles every everything for great have hinders is lay let marked of off out perseverance race run set sin since so such surrounded surrounding that the Therefore throw us … Hebrews 10:36 For you have need of patience, that, after you have done the will …, Matthew 10:22 And you shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that …. Thus after citing the faith of those past ones, Paul could say. My question concerns the word μαρτύρων, which is a noun declined from the lemma μάρτυς. to come into existence, begin to be, receive being.” “Ordained” means you’ve received The Holy Spirit. That means the translators of Acts 1:22 are saying that, in order to be a witness, you must be ordained; you must receive The Holy Spirit**. The writer of hebrews showed mastery in his usage of the Greek language of the first century. Hebrews 12:1 The Aramaic can be translated “the race [personally] appointed to us.” God has a destiny for each of us that we are to give ourselves fully to reach.